Europeana English version


New development of the project realized
by BNCF The Virtual Exhibition



Europeana Collections 1914-1918
was a European triennial project supported by the European Union, in the occasion of the centenary of World War I outbreak. The project, joined by the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze and completed in April 2014, displayed, through the free access portal of Europeana, an important collection of more than 400.000 documents in digital format coming from the most important national European libraries’ collections as well as other partners that were at that time on opposite sides of the war.
       World War I , a conflict of incomparable proportions, had a hugely strong effect on the European states and on the involved countries’ peoples’ lives and the Great War has by now become part of  the European collective memory.
       The original digital contents about World War I (including exclusively published documents or autographs dated between 1914 and 1919) provided by all the partners are fully accessible from Europeana, whereas those provided by the Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze are also accessible from the OPAC of the BNCF; such documents are mostly aimed at providing documentary evidence of everyday’s life’s development in the countries involved in the war, as well as the various complexities of the war, not only in connection with the evolution of the military campaigns, but especially in connection with men’s and women’s lives, in trenches, in towns and country-sides during the war period. The digital contents include books, newspapers, maps, trenches’ papers, music scores, children literature, cooking books, photographs, pamphlets, propaganda’s flyers, postcards of soldiers at the front, documents of the associations for the supports to the soldiers as well as to their families and to the war dead families, war’s biographies, etc..
       From all such different material it clearly appears how World War I was part of a common European identity, since, both directly and indirectly, the whole European continent was involved in such an event, beyond the field in which the several countries of different ethnicities or religions were deployed. A more elaborated historical analysis will be allowed other than the military history itself, by including a new interpretation of the whole society, as well as of economy and art.
       By participating in the project, Europeana Collection 1914-1918,  the BNCF, besides following its general policy through the digital format spread of more and more consistent parts of its collections, intended to supply a contribution to the contemporary historiographical discussion, by making available not yet known or not sufficiently studied sources, in a moment in which, in coincidence with World War I outbreak, such issue is brought to the general attention. The aim is that offering free accessibility to such a significantly huge size of documents of different nature, not only to a public of students but even to many more users and, in particular,  to the young generations, may give a contribution to the reconstruction of a collective memory about the Great War as well as the process of consolidation of a common European identity.


Synthesis of results of BNCF within the project

Number of digitalized documents: 3892
Number of digitalized images: 180.000

Number of documents by typologies:
Volumes or printed brochures: 2468
Magazines: 866
Music works: 340
Postcards and photographs: 150
Maps: 68

All digitalized documents have been classified. The relative bibliographic records
can be found in the OPAC of the BNCF.

All digitalized documents have been catalogued: every bibliographic records has been assigned a subject item according to a controlled list (elaborated by a proper working team), drawn by the subject headings of the Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH).
BNCF has carried out a mapping of the list of the subjects agreed upon the partners, with the entries of the new subject heading directory, the new fundamental system of semantic indexing,
elaborated within the BNCF.

OPAC BNCF: subjects in Italian
Europeana: subjects both in Italian and in English

The most used subjects, searchable within OPAC BNCF
(subjects bearing more than 100 requests are marked in blue colour)

World War 1914-1918
World War 1914-1918 - Italy
World War 1914-1918 - Health Care
World War 1914-1918 – Legislation
Literature – Issues (about)World War 1914-1918

World War 1914-1918 – Causes
World War 1914-1918 – Military actions – Italy
World War 1914-1918 – Regiments – History
World War 1914-1918 – Memories
World War 1914-1918 – Propaganda
World War 1914-1918 – Technologies
Economy – Effects (of) World War 1914-1918
Society – Effects (of) World War 1914-1918
World War 1914-1918 – Ethics and Morality
Culture – Relationships (with)World War 1914-1918

Project partners:

Biblioteca Statale di Berlino
Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Roma
Biblioteca Nazionale Centrale di Firenze
Biblioteca Nazionale di Francia
Biblioteca Nazionale e universitaria di Strasburgo
Biblioteca reale del Belgio - Koninklijke Bibliotheek van België
British Library, Londra
Biblioteca reale di Copenaghen - Det Kongelige Bibliotek Kopenhagen
Biblioteca nazionale di Serbia - Narodna Biblioteka Srbije Beograd
Biblioteca nazionale austriaca, Vienna
Istituto Centrale per il Catalogo Unico delle Biblioteche italiane (Biblioteca Universitaria Alessandrina and Istituto per la Storia del Risorgimento Italiano)
Clio-online (portale di storia)

Main network partners:
Fondazione Turati (Florence, Italy); Rybinsk collection e Russian State Library (Russia); University Library of Osnabrck (Germany); Serbia: Музеј “Срби на Крфу 1916 – 1918 (Museum "Serbians on Corfu 1916-1918"); Arhiv Srbije (Archive of Serbia); Serbia Narodna skupština Republike Srbije (National Parliament of Republic of Serbia); Bibliothèque Historique de la Ville de Paris (France); Archives et Musée de la littérature (Brussels, Belgio): National Library of Slovaquia (Slovacchia).

The BNCF realized a further development of the project here:
Virtual Exhibition


doc. n. 1929 del 18/05/2017